Stages of Waste Water Treatment Process.
Industrial and domestic processes lead to various forms of waste including water, solids and gases. These types of wastes are directed into the environment and cab e hazardous. However, taking these wastes through treatment process reduces harm made to the environment. The end products of the waste treatment plants includes clean water, harmless biodegradable and recycled products The processes involved in the treatment of these wastes differs depending on the source and the type of waste. Wastewater is a produced in typical all process including homes and industries. The wastewater treatment process involves various stages.
The septic system is used to treat water in most homes. The septic system is not complicated but should always be functional mode. However, septic systems serving large populations are complex since they have to absorb lots of waste. There are however waste water treatment plants for use in large residential estates and factories. There are manufacturers of wastewater treatment plants that can help you design and manufacture a treatment plant. A project plan is made according to the unique circumstances surrounding it. Engineers at the manufacturers will oversee the project from its design stage to monitoring and maintenance works. These systems are complex and require large capital outlay. The water released from these systems are quality clean and therefore used at commercial levels.
There are three main stages in the water treatment process. water flows through pipes by means of pumping or gravitational force. In these reservoirs, there is removal of floating and suspending solids. This process happens in the presence of centrifugal force. The stage removes about 60% of the suspended solids. Chemicals can be used at times to increase the removal of solids. The water is taken to the second stage of treatment known as the secondary stage of organic stage. At this level, the remaining biodegradable and suspending particles are provided as food to organisms such as fish. The organism in the water eat the food particles in the water remove the phosphate and nitrates nutrients in the water. About 80% of water impurities is removed at this stage. Water released to the environment at this stage is not harmful.
The third stage is however introduced to make the water pure. This phase is known as tertiary level, and the water released here can be used for different purposes. The water may be treated using various chemicals to ensure its safety. Some firms use chlorine to remove all impurities though it has become a subject of discussion in the recent.
When water is being pumped into the treatment plant; it should not contain industrial chemicals. The company that is producing water containing chemicals should remove these chemicals by having a treatment plant at their base.
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